Clava Cairns – the real Craigh na Dun

Posted by True Highlands in Kit and Caboodle | 16 comments

Clava Cairns is a well-preserved Bronze Age cemetery near Inverness in the Scottish Highlands.

For many years, it played second fiddle to its more famous neighbour, Culloden Battlefield.  That all changed in 2014, with the release of the TV dramatization of Diana Gabaldon’s popular Outlander novel.  Clava Cairns became a bucket list destination overnight, after it was suggested that Outlander’s fictitious stone circle, Craigh na Dun was inspired by the site.


It’s wonderful to see the ‘Outlander effect’ generating so much interest, however there’s way more to Clava Cairns than its Outlander connection.  For history lovers, it gives a fascinating insight into the mysterious lives of our ancient ancestors.

The stone circles and burial chambers at Clava Cairns date back 4,000 years to the Bronze Age.  This isn’t the earliest known use of the site either, as archaeological excavations has found it was once used for farming.  Some of the early farm buildings may even have been recycled and incorporated into the burial site.


Today, the remains of Clava Cairns are located on two separate sites.  The main site – Balnauran of Clava sits in a quiet, leafy setting.  It consists of three large burial cairns, each surrounded by a stone circle.  Two of the cairns are passage cairns, where the central burial chamber is accessed via a narrow corridor.  Between the two passage cairns sits a kerb cairn, with an enclosed central burial chamber.  Cup and ring markings, which commonly occur during this period, can be found on the cairns and stones.  Sadly, the true meaning of this ancient art has been lost in time so we can only guess at the significance.

The second and smaller site, Milton of Clava is in a field a short distance from the main site.  It has less dramatic impact than Balnauran of Clava but is still worth visiting.  It consists of a solitary standing stone, a cairn and the ruins of a much later medieval chapel.

Excavations at Clava Cairns have confirmed that it was reused 1,000 years after it was first built.  At this time new burials were interred and additional monuments erected.  Today the remains of a ring cairn can be found at the main site as well as chapel ruins at Milton of Clava.  This much later use of the cemetery suggests that Clava Cairns was an important place for a long period of time, before finally falling into disuse.

So, what do we know about the people who were buried here?  Sadly, the answer is very little as early archaeologist did more damage than good with their overzealous excavations.  What we do know is that only one or two burials were interred inside each cairn.  The huge effort that it must have taken to build the cemetery, hints that these were probably people of status and importance.

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Clava Cairns are best viewed on a clear winter day, as the sun begins to set.  Then a magical light envelopes the place, casting a golden glow on the stones and cairns.  It’s fascinating to witness as the alignment of the stones and cairns suggests that their placing was no accident.  They align with the midwinter sunset, meaning real planning and precision must have gone into their construction.  This gives us a fascinating and fleeting glimpse into the past, to a time when our ancestors were in tune with the rising and setting of the sun, the cycle of the moon and the changing of the seasons.

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If you visit Clava Cairns then by all means take a time-travelling selfie, but first a word of warning.  Historians would definitely advise against travelling back to the turbulent, Scottish Highlands of 1743.  Instead, why not venture back further to the Bronze Age and discover the fascinating history of the real Craigh na Dun.

Visiting Clava Cairns

Admission charge: Free entry

Opening times:  Open all year

On site facilities:  Free parking

Location:  6 miles east of Inverness.  The cairns are signposted from the B9091, 300 yards east of Culloden Battlefield.  Grid reference: NH 752 439

Other local attractions you may like:  Culloden Battlefield, Cawdor Castle, Fort George

Samantha Grant (January 2017)

Scotland with the Wee White Dug

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Comments (16)
  1. Lalani Matheson says:

    Very spiritual place. You can feel the significance while sitting within on a winters night!

  2. Karen Ferguson says:

    I am blessed to live near this beautiful location and very fortunate to have taken some amazing pictures. It is a must visit place that I would recommend.

    • Bill Marcinkowski says:

      Karen, I’m visiting and stayed near there. I took a walk up in the pasture and found a circular grass site. (No trees in a ring) I was wondering if there had been any aerial study or the imaging technology done on the whole valley. Very curious about this spiritual and significant national treasure. I wish they would move the fence to include the two standing stones that are outside.

  3. Nory Trabant says:

    Thank you for posting. I love it

  4. C. Jonas says:

    I have been there for several times. It never loses its magic. I saw people walking about devoutly. I saw couples getting married. I saw the majestic trees changing through the seasons. It’s a miraculous place.

  5. Graeme Shinwell says:

    Fabulous place and yes, such a spiritual place to visit after Culloden.

    You could also include a visit to Central Scotland and to a site no less significant and important…..Cairnpapple.


    For OL fans, this is situated north of Bathgate in West Lothian, and close to many of the film sites in that area, such as Hopetoun House, Midhope Castle, Blackness Castle and the SRPS at Bo’ness Station.

  6. Tam says:

    I was there on midwinter morning with the first light on one circle and the moonlight on another this place was a complete mirror to the sky above at that time.

  7. Linda Douglas says:

    Would love to visit. What is a good time of the year?

    • True Highlands says:

      All times is good for Clava Cairns but many favour winter as the light is low and comes through the stones making it very atmospheric.

  8. Meg says:

    Amazing site where you sense the importance it held so long ago. A mystical place

  9. Grace DeVita says:

    Quite moving and magical. I was There at sunrise watching the shadows grow. Scotland is always in my mind.

  10. Ross says:

    The cup marks on the stone at the S.W. cairn bear (no pun intended) an uncanny resemblance to the Big Dipper constellation/Great Bear in the night sky. One day of the stars seems misplaced but could this be a more accurate representation of the Big Dipper by this people on the ground at the time 4,000 years ago?

  11. Joel Lowery says:

    I visited Clava Cairns in September on a clear, sunny day. It is indeed a magical, fascinating place. If I lived near it, I would visit it every day.

  12. John McKenzie says:

    I’m a McKenzie. My Grandfather was sent (in the mid 1800’s) by himself from the Black Isle to Edinburgh at the age of 14 to seek his fortune. I have a the “Letter of Introduction” from his Minister saying he was a “Good Boy”. He was apprenticed to a bootmaker and grew-up to found his own business. After a series of burglaries he was bankrupted and died at an early age.

  13. Karaine Smith says:

    Came across this site by accident while picking a car up from a nearby garage.
    A true marvel!!!
    I am a fan of Outlander but the feeling from being in the area of these ancient stones is incredible. I live within an hour of the area and can’t wait to go back.
    One of those places where tge hairs on the back of your neck stand on end with the energy.

  14. Georgene G says:

    We visited this year and was amazed. So grateful to get to witness it first hand.

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